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However, Rhazes provided a detailed description of sleep paralysis in Kitab Al-Hawi fi al-Tibb (known in Europe as Liber Continens, a major Arabic work on medicine, which is 25 volumes long) a long time before van Diemerbroeck.
In Liber Continens, Rhazes stated, “When the nightmare (kabus) happens, the person senses a heavy thing upon him and finds himself unable to scream.”Abubakr Rabi ibn Ahmad Akhawayni Bokhari (?
Unfortunately, a significant part of this scientific heritage was lost during the Mongol invasion (1258 C. The destruction of this scientific heritage has been instrumental in the lack of proper representation of Muslim writings on medicine in European academia and modern literature.
This topic did not receive the attention it deserves in the modern literature.
Therefore, we wrote this short communication to review some of the contributions of the middle age (medieval) Muslim scholars to the understanding of sleep and dreams.
One of the sleep problems that received great attention in different cultures is sleep paralysis.
Sleep paralysis is a rapid eye movement parasomnia characterized by inability to move at sleep onset or upon awakening.
Medieval Islamic scholarship and writings on sleep and dreams.